Chemical Compounds List and their Common Names and Formulas (2024)

The common names and formulas of chemical compounds is a very relevant area of study for every competitive exam including PSC, SSC, Banking etc. and it is important for the aspirants to develop a fair idea on this subject. In this article, we are discussing the following topics:

What is a chemical compound?
The ‘common names’ of a chemical compound
What is meant by the formula of a chemical compound
List of important chemical compounds, their common names and formulas

List of Chemical Compounds and Their Common Names and Formulas

Chemical Compound

A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds. There will be a fixed ratio for a chemical compound determining the composition of it. For example, water (H2O) is a compound consisting of two hydrogen atoms bonded to an oxygen atom. The ratio of each element is usually expressed by a chemical formula. In the simplest way, you can define a chemical compound as “a substance that is made up of two or more elements”. Water, carbon dioxide and table salt are three examples for chemical compounds.

Chemical Compounds List and their Common Names and Formulas (1)

Common Names of Chemical Compounds

For every chemical compound, there will be a chemical name or scientific name and a common name or popular name. Scientists or chemists identify a particular chemical compound from its scientific name. But in general, they are known by their common name and many of them are a part of our day to day life. For instance, the chemical name of NaCl is Sodium chloride and its common name is salt.

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Chemical Formula

A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers and sometimes also other symbols such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus and minus signs. In other words, a chemical formula represents the ratio of atoms per element that make up the chemical compound. This is done through the use of subscripts. The subscript that lies to the right of the symbol for each element indicates the number of atoms of that element that make up that chemical compound.
A chemical formula reflects a lot of information about the chemical substance it represents such as how many and what atoms they are made of as well as the way the atoms are arranged

Now let us have a look at the common names and formulas of some important chemical compounds.

Important Chemical Compounds List and their Formulas

Sl. No.

Compound name

Molecular weight

Molecular formula

1
Acetic acid
60.052 g/mol
CH3COOH
2
Hydrochloric acid
36.458 g/mol
HCl
3
Sulfuric acid
‎98.072 g/mol
H2SO4
4
Acetate
59.044 g/mol
CH3COO–
5
Ammonia
17.031 g/mol
NH3
6
Nitric acid
63.012 g/mol
HNO3
7
Phosphoric acid
97.994 g/mol
H3PO4
8
Sodium phosphate
119.976 g/mol
Na3PO4
9
Calcium carbonate
100.086 g/mol
CaCO3
10
Ammonium sulfate
132.134 g/mol
(NH4)2SO4
11
Carbonic acid
62.024 g/mol
H2CO3
12
Sodium bicarbonate
84.0066 g/mol
NaHCO3
13
Sodium hydroxide
39.997 g/mol
NaOH
14
Calcium hydroxide
74.092 g/mol
Ca(OH)2
15
Ethanol
46.069 g/mol
C2H5OH
16
Hydrobromic acid
80.912 g/mol
HBr
17
Sulfuric acid
98.072 g/mol
H2SO4
18
Nitrous acid
‎47.013 g/mol
HNO2
19
Potassium hydroxide
56.11 g/mol
KOH
20
Silver nitrate
169.872 g/mol
AgNO3
21
Sodium carbonate
105.988 g/mol
Na2CO3
22
Sodium chloride
58.44 g/mol
NaCl
23
Cellulose
162.1406 g/mol
(C6H10O5)n
24
Magnesium hydroxide
58.319 g/mol
Mg(OH)2
25
Methane
16.043 g/mol
CH4
26
Nitrogen dioxide
30.006 g/mol
NO2
27
Potassium hydroxide
56.105 g/mol
KOH
28
Sodium nitrate
84.994 g/mol
NaNO3
29
Sulfurous acid
82.073 g/mol
H2SO3
30
Aluminium sulfate
342.15 g/mol
Al2(SO4)3
31
Aluminum oxide
101.96 g/mol
Al2O3
32
Ammonia
17.031 g/mol
NH3
33
Ammonium nitrate
80.043 g/mol
NH4NO3
34
Ammonium phosphate
132.056 g/mol
(NH4)3PO4
35
Barium hydroxide
171.341 g/mol
Ba(OH)2
36
Carbon tetrachloride
153.811 g/mol
CCl4
37
Citric acid
192.123 g/mol
C6H8O7
38
Hydrocyanic acid
‎27.026 g/mol
HCN
39
Salicylic Acid
138.121 g/mol
C7H6O3
40
Hydroiodic acid
127.91 g/mol
HI
41
Hypochlorous acid
52.457 g/mol
HClO
42
Iron iii oxide
159.687 g/mol
Fe2O3
43
Magnesium phosphate
262.855 g/mol
Mg3(PO4)2
44
Sodium acetate
82.0343 g/mol
C2H3NaO2
45
Sodium sulfate
‎142.036 g/mol
Na2SO4
46
Sucrose
342.2965 g/mol
C12H22O11
47
Potassium nitrate
101.102 g/mol
KNO3
48
Ammonium bicarbonate
96.086 g/mol
NH4HCO3
49
Ammonium chloride
53.489 g/mol
NH4Cl
50
Ammonium hydroxide
35.046 g/mol
NH4OH
51
Calcium nitrate
164.088 g/mol
Ca(NO3)2
52
Calcium oxide
56.0774 g/mol
CaO
53
Carbon monoxide
28.01 g/mol
CO
54
Chlorine gas
70.9 g/mol
Cl2
55
Phenol
94.11 g/mol
C6H6O
56
Hydrogen peroxide
34.0147 g/mol
H2O2
57
Hydroxide
17.007 g/mol
OH–
58
Magnesium chloride
95.211 g/mol
MgCl2
59
Magnesium hydroxide
58.3197 g/mol
Mg(OH)2
60
Potassium chloride
74.5513 g/mol
KCl
61
Potassium iodide
166.0028 g/mol
KI
62
Sulfur dioxide
64.066 g/mol
SO2
63
Glycerin
92.09 g/mol
C3H8O3
64
Ammonium sulfate
132.14 g/mol
(NH4)2SO4
65
Barium nitrate
261.337 g/mol
Ba(NO3)2
66
Calcium acetate
158.17 g/mol
C4H6O4Ca
67
Sulfurous Acid
82.07 g/mol
H2SO3
68
Iron oxide
159.69 g/mol
Fe2O3
69
Potassium carbonate
138.205 g/mol
K2CO3
70
Silver chloride
‎143.318 g/mol
AgCl
71
Sodium iodide
149.894 g/mol
NaI
72
Sodium oxide
61.9789 g/mol
Na2O
73
Sodium sulfide
78.0452 g/mol
Na2S
74
Sucrose
342.30 g/mol
C12H22O11
75
Zinc nitrate
189.388 g/mol
Zn(NO3)2
76
Aluminium Sulfate
342.15 g/mol
Al2(SO4)3
77
Phenolphthalein
318.32 g/mol
C20H14O4
78
Magnesium nitrate
148.313 g/mol
Mg(NO3)2
79
Silicon dioxide
60.083 g/mol
SiO2
80
Acetone
58.08 g/mol
C3H6O
81
Hydroquinone
110.11 g/mol
C6H6O2
82
Pyridine
79.1 g/mol
C5H5N
83
Ammonium acetate
77.083 g/mol
C2H3O2NH4
84
Xylene
106.16 g/mol
C8H10
85
Barium sulfate
233.38 g/mol
BaSO4
86
Benzene
78.11 g/mol
C6H6
87
Bicarbonate
61.016 g/mol
CHO3
88
Chromate
15.992 g/mol
CrO42
89
Methyl Ethyl Ketone
72.107 g/mol
C4H8O
90
Cyanide
26.02 g/mol
CN−
91
Trichloroacetic acid
163.38 g/mol
C2HCl3O2
92
Magnesium sulfate
120.361 g/mol
MgSO4
93
Methanol
32.04 g/mol
CH3OH
94
Nitrogen dioxide
46.0055 g/mol
NO2
95
Oxygen
Atomic mass 15.999 g/mol
O
96
Methylene blue
319.85 g/mol
C16H18ClN3S
97
Sodium sulfite
126.043 g/mol
Na2SO3
98
Sulfur trioxide
80.057 g/mol
SO3
99
Aluminum phosphate
121.951 g/mol
AlPO4
100
Stearic acid
284.484 g/mol
C18H36O2
101
Dinitrogen monoxide
44.013 g/mol
N2O
102
Carbon monoxide
28.01 g/mol
CO
103
Carbonic acid
62.03 g/mol
H2CO3
104
Sodium carbonate
105.9888 g/mol
Na2CO3
105
Titanium dioxide
233.38 g/mol
TiO2
106
Acetonitrile
41.053 g/mol
C2H3N
107
Oxalic acid
90.03 g/mol
H2C2O4
108
Potassium dichromate
294.185 g/mol
K2Cr2O7
109
Salicylic acid
138.121 g/mol
C7H6O3
110
Sodium bromide
102.894 g/mol
NaBr
111
Sodium hypochlorite
74.439 g/mol
NaClO
112
Zinc acetate
183.48 g/mol
Zn(CH3COO)2(H2O)2
113
Zinc chloride
136.286 g/mol
ZnCl2
114
Zinc hydroxide
99.424 g/mol
Zn(OH)2
115
Magnesium carbonate
84.313 g/mol
MgCO3
116
Potassium chlorate
122.545 g/mol
KClO3
117
Hydrazine
32.0452 g/mol
N2H4
118
Ascorbic acid
176.12 g/mol
C6H8O6
119
Benzoic acid
122.12 g/mol
C7H6O2
120
Resorcinol
110.1 g/mol
C6H6O2
121
Chlorine
‎70.9 g/mol
Cl2
122
Ammonium nitrate
80.043 g/mol
NH4NO3
123
Ammonium phosphate
132.056 g/mol
(NH4)3PO4
124
Carbon tetrachloride
153.82 g/mol
CCl4
125
Nitrous acid
47.013 g/mol
HNO2
126
Maleic acid
116.072 g/mol
C4H4O4
129
Sodium metabisulfite
190.107 g/mol
Na2S2O5
130
Sodium Hypochlorite
74.439 g/mol
NaClO
131
Acetamide
59.068 g/mol
C2H5NO
132
Magnesium carbonate
84.3139 g/mol
MgCO3
133
Sodium silicate
122.062 g/mol
(Na2O)x·SiO2
134
Nitrite
46.005 g/mol
NO2
135
Hydroxide
17.007 g/mol
OH−
136
Phosphate
94.9714 g/mol
PO43
137
Dichloromethane
84.93 g/mol
CH2Cl2
138
Carbon Disulfide
76.13 g/mol
CS2
139
Potassium chromate
194.189 g/mol
CrK2O4
140
Zinc sulfate
161.436 g/mol
ZnSO4
141
Iodine
Atomic mass 126.90 g/mol
I
142
Tannic acid
1701.19 g/mol
C76H52O46
143
Aluminum
26.982 g/mol
Al
144
Perchloric acid
100.46 g/mol
HClO4
145
Hypochlorite
51.449 g/mol
ClO–
146
Citric acid
192.124 g/mol
C6H8O7
147
Potassium Bromide
119.002 g/mol
KBr
148
Chromic acid
118.01 g/mol
H2CrO4
149
Dihydrogen monoxide
18.01528 g/mol
OH2
150
Methyl acetate
74.079 g/mol
C3H6O2
151
Dimethyl sulfoxide
78.13 g/mol
C2H6OS
152
Hexane
86.18 g/mol
C6H14
153
Phosphoric acid
97.994 g/mol
H3PO4
154
Eugenol
164.2 g/mol
C10H12O2
155
Manganese dioxide
86.9368 g/mol
MnO2
156
Dimethyl sulfoxide
78.13 g/mol
C2H6OS
157
Lactic acid
90.078 g/mol
C3H6O3
158
Sodium potassium tartrate
282.1 g/mol
C4H4O6KNa·4H2O
159
Hexamine
140.186 g/mol
C6H12N4
160
Lithium hydroxide
23.95 g/mol
LiOH
161
Dimethyl sulfoxide
78.13 g/mol
C2H6OS
162
Phosphorus pentachloride
208.24 g/mol
PCl5
163
Potassium oxide
94.2 g/mol
K2O
164
Potassium phosphate
136.084 g/mol
KH2PO4
165
Silver acetate
166.91 g/mol
AgC2H3O2
166
Sodium citrate
258.06 g/mol
Na3C6H5O7
167
Sodium fluoride
41.98817 g/mol
NaF
168
Sodium nitrite
68.9953 g/mol
NaNO2
169
Sulfate ion
96.06 g/mol
SO42−
170
Barium carbonate
197.34 g/mol
BaCO3
171
Calcium iodide
293.887 g/mol
CaI2
172
Hydrogen sulfate
97.064 g/mol
HSO4–
173
Lithium oxide
29.88 g/mol
Li2O
174
Dimethylglyoxime
116.12 g/mol
C4H8N2O2
175
Permanganate
158.034 g/mol
KMnO4
176
Silver phosphate
418.58 g/mol
Ag3PO4
177
Sodium carbonate
105.9888 g/mol
Na2CO3
178
Ammonium bromide
97.943 g/mol
NH4Br
179
Calcium phosphate
310.18 g/mol
Ca3(PO4)2
180
Dichromate
294.185 g/mol
K2Cr2O7
181
Aluminum sulfide
150.158 g/mol
Al2S3
182
Ammonium carbonate
96.086 g/mol
(NH4)2CO3
183
Barium chloride
208.23 g/mol
BaCl2
184
Calcium nitrate
164.088 g/mol
Ca(NO3)2
185
Hydroiodic acid
127.91 g/mol
HI
186
Nitrogen monoxide
30.006 g/mol
NO
187
Potassium carbonate
138.205 g/mol
K2CO3
188
Potassium iodide
166.0028 g/mol
KI
189
Potassium nitrate
101.102 g/mol
KNO3
190
Sodium oxide
61.9789 g/mol
Na2O
191
Fructose
180.16 g/mol
C6H12O6
192
Magnesium iodide
278.1139 g/mol
MgI2
193
Magnesium sulfide
56.38 g/mol
MgS
194
Ozone
48 g/mol
O3
195
Potassium cyanide
65.12 g/mol
KCN
196
Silver oxide
231.735 g/mol
Ag2O
197
Sodium chromate
161.97 g/mol
Na2CrO4
198
Sodium peroxide
77.98 g/mol
Na2O2
199
Toluene
92.14 g/mol
C7H8
200
Zinc carbonate
125.388 g/mol
ZnCO3
201
Zinc phosphate
386.11 g/mol
Zn3(PO4)2
202
Zinc sulfide
97.474 g/mol
ZnS
203
Para dichlorobenzene
147.01 g/mol
C6H4Cl2
204
Boric acid
61.83 g/mol
H3BO3
206
Magnesium phosphate
262.855 g/mol
Mg3(PO4)2
207
Oxalate
‎88.018 g/mol
C2O42−
208
Potassium bicarbonate
100.114 g/mol
KHCO3
209
Potassium hypochlorite
90.55 g/mol
KClO
210
Potassium nitrite
85.103 g/mol
KNO2
211
Bromothymol Blue
624.384 g/mol
C27H28Br2O5S
212
Ammonium iodide
144.94 g/mol
NH4I
213
Ammonium nitrate
‎80.043 g/mol
(NH4)(NO3)
214
Ammonium nitrite
64.06 g/mol
NH4NO2
215
Ammonium oxide
52.0763 g/mol
(NH4)2O
216
Argon gas
39.948 g/mol
Ar
217
Barium bromide
297.14 g/mol
BaBr2
218
Barium iodide
391.136 g/mol
BaI2
219
Bromate
127.901 g/mol
BrO3–
220
Dinitrogen trioxide
76.01 g/mol
N2O3
221
Ethylene glycol
62.07 g/mol
C2H6O2
222
Hypochlorous acid
52.46 g/mol
HClO
223
Nickel sulfate
154.75 g/mol
NiSO4
224
Helium
atomic mass ‎4.002602 u
He
225
Iodide
253.809 g/mol
I
226
Lead ii acetate
‎325.29 g/mol
Pb(C2H3O2)2
227
Lithium chloride
42.394 g/mol
LiCl
228
Phosphate ion
94.9714 g/mol
PO43-
229
Potassium fluoride
58.0967 g/mol
KF
230
Potassium sulfite
158.26 g/mol
K2SO3
231
Silver carbonate
275.7453 g/mol
Ag2CO3
232
Sodium cyanide
49.0072 g/mol
NaCN
233
Sodium nitride
82.976 g/mol
Na3N
234
Strontium chloride
158.52 g/mol
SrCl2
235
Strontium nitrate
211.628 g/mol
Sr(NO3)2
236
Urea
‎60.056 g/mol
CH4N2O
237
Bleach
‎74.439 g/mol
NaClO
238
Carbonic acid
62.03 g/mol
H2CO3
239
Lithium bromide
86.844 g/mol
LiBr
240
Aluminum fluoride
83.9767 g/mol
AlF3
241
Barium fluoride
175.34 g/mol
BaF2
242
Butanoic acid
88.11 g/mol
C4H8O2
243
Calcium hydride
42.094 g/mol
CaH2
245
Copper ii carbonate
123.55 g/mol
CuCO3
246
Ethanol
46.07 g/mol
CH3CH2OH
247
Fluorine
18.998403 u
F
248
Lithium phosphate
115.79 g/mol
Li3PO4
249
Glycerol
92.09382 g/mol
C3H8O3
250
Hypobromous acid
96.911 g/mol
HBrO
251
Hypoiodous acid
143.89 g/mol
HIO
252
Lead iodide
461.01 g/mol
PbI2
253
Lithium iodide
133.844 g/mol
LiI
254
Magnesium oxide
40.3044 g/mol
MgO
255
Urethane
89.09 g/mol
C3H7NO2
256
Nickel nitrate
182.703 g/mol
Ni(NO3)2
257
Potassium chloride
74.5513 g/mol
KCl
258
Potassium nitrate
101.102 g/mol
KNO3
259
Sodium dichromate
261.97 g/mol
Na2Cr2O7
260
Sodium nitrate
84.994 g/mol
NaNO3
261
Tartaric acid
150.087 g/mol
C4H6O6
262
Zinc iodide
319.22 g/mol
ZnI2
263
Bromine
54.9380 g/mol
Br
264
Aluminum bromide
266.69 g/mol
AlBr3
265
Sodium Percarbonate
157.01 g/mol
C2H6Na4O12
267
Nickel acetate
178.797 g/mol
C4H8O4Ni
268
Sodium Thiosulfate
158.11 g/mol
Na2S2O3
269
Acetaldehyde
44.05 g/mol
C2H4O
270
Copper sulfate
159.609 g/mol
CuSO4
271
Mannitol
182.172 g/mol
C6H14O6
272
Calcium Chloride
110.98 g/mol
CaCl2
273
Hydrocyanic acid
27.0253 g/mol
HCN
274
Monosodium Glutamate
169.111 g/mol
C5H8NO4Na
275
Polystyrene
104.1 g/mol
(C8H8)n
276
Calcium Carbide
64.099 g/mol
CaC2
277
Tetrachloroethylene
165.83 g/mol
C2Cl4
278
Sodium Chlorate
106.44 g/mol
NaClO3
279
Potassium Iodate
214.001 g/mol
KIO3
280
Sodium Percarbonate
157.01 g/mol
C2H6Na4O12
281
Lead Acetate
325.29 g/mol
Pb(C2H3O2)2
282
Potassium Thiocyanate
97.181 g/mol
KSCN
283
Butane
58.12 g/mol
C4H10
284
Maltose
342.3 g/mol
C12H22O11
285
Polyurethane Foam
548.589 g/mol
C27H36N2O10
286
Formaldehyde
30.031 g/mol
CH2O
287
Formic Acid
46.03 g/mol
HCOOH
288
Sulfur Hexafluoride
146.06 g/mol
SF6
289
Phosphorus Trichloride
137.33 g/mol
PCl3
290
Ethane
30.07 g/mol
C2H6
291
Dinitrogen Pentoxide
30.07 g/mol
N2O5
292
Phosphorous Acid
82 g/mol
H3PO3
293
Potassium Ferrocyanide
368.35 g/mol
K4Fe(CN)6
294
Xenon Difluoride
169.29 g/mol
XeF2
295
Diatomic Bromine
159.808 g/mol
Br2
296
Phenyl
77.106 g/mol
C6H5
297
Phosphorus Triiodide
411.6872 g/mol
PI3
298
Peroxydisulfuric Acid
194.14 g/mol
H2S2O8
299
Monopotassium Phosphate
136.086 g/mol
KH2PO4
300
Dipotassium Phosphate
174.2 g/mol
K2HPO4
301
Aluminium hydroxide
78.00 g/mol
Al(OH)3
302
Ammonium persulfate
228.18 g/mol
(NH4)2S2O8
303
Sodium borate
201.22 g/mol
Na2[B4O5(OH)4]·8H2O
304
Chloroacetic acid
94.49 g/mol
C2H3O2Cl
305
Potassium acetate
98.142 g/mol
CH3CO2K
306
Barium oxide
153.326 g/mol
BaO
307
Copper(I) Oxide
143.09 g/mol
Cu2O
308
Lithium Bromide
86.845 g/mol
LiBr
309
Copper Hydroxide
97.561 g/mol
Cu(OH)2
310
Tin Oxide
97.561 g/mol
SnO2
311
Chlorine Trifluoride
92.448 g/mol
ClF3
312
Ethylene
28.054 g/mol
C2H4
313
Acetylene
26.038 g/mol
C2H2
314
Chromic Oxide
151.9904 g/mol
Cr2O3
315
Sodium bisulfate
120.06 g/mol
NaHSO4
316
Copper (II) chloride
134.45 g/mol
CuCl2
317
Mercuric chloride
271.52 g/mol
HgCl2
318
Tin (II) chloride
189.60 g/mol
SnCl2
319
Propane
44.097 g/mol
C3H8
320
Lead (IV) oxide
239.1988 g/mol
PbO2

Important Compounds and their Common Names

Chemical name

Common name

Use

Sodium bicarbonate
Baking powder
Used as an ingredient in baking
Copper Sulphate
Blue Vitriol
Used to control algae and fungus
Calcium Oxychloride
Bleaching powder
Used as disinfectant
Trichloro Methane
Chloroform
Used as solvent
Calcium Carbonate
Chalk (Marble)
Potassium Hydroxide
Caustic Soda
To manufacture pulp and paper, water treatment
Solid Carbondiaoxide
Dry Ice
To preserve food
Magnesium Sulphate
Epsom
Bath salt, exfoliants
Potassium Hydroxide
Caustic Potash
liquid fertilizers, potassium soaps and detergents
Calcium Sulphate
Gypsum
To manufacture dry wall
Ferrous Sulphate
Green Vitriol
Sewage treatment and water treatment
Deuterium Oxide
Heavy Water
Used in nuclear reactors
Acetic Acid
Vinegar
To cook, bake, clean, weed control
Sodium Carbonate
Washing Soda
To treat hard water
Calcium Hydroxide
Slaked Lime
To make mortar, cement
Calcium Oxide
Quick Lime
In the production of iron and steel, paper and pulp production, treatment of water
Calcium Sulphate
Plaster of Paris
Used as protective coating on walls and ceilings
Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate
Mohr’s Salt
To reduce oxidation
Zinc Sulphate
White Vitriol
To preserve wood
Methane
Marsh Gas
Poisonous gas
Magnesium Oxide
Magnesia
Used as antacid
Nitrous Oxide
Laughing Gas
Used by dentist
Mercuric Sulphide
Vermelium
Used as pigment
Sucrose
Sugar
Used as sweetner
Trinitrotoluene
T.N.T.
Used in explosives
Silicon Oxide
Sand
Used as construction material
Sodium hypochlorite
Bleach
Used for bleaching
Calcium oxychloride
Borax
Used as laundry agent
Mercurous chloride
Calomel
Used as fungicide
Phenic acid
Phenol
Used as disinfectant
Silicon carbide
Carborundum
Used in brakes

Questions from this topic are frequently asked in most of the competitive exams including SSC CGL. And some of them are given below.

Chemical Compounds Frequently Asked Questions

What is the chemical formula of Baking soda?
NaHCO3
What is the chemical name formula of Heavy water?
D2O
Acetic acid is another name of which of the following?
Vinegar
What is the chemical formula of washing soda?
Na2CO3
What is the chemical formula of common salt?
NaCl
What is Carborundum?
Sodium thiosulphate
What is the chemical formula of Plaster of Paris?
CaSO4.(1/2)H20
What is the chemical name of magnetite?
Iron oxide
What is the chemical formula of Laughing gas?
N2O

Hope the article helped you to have a fair idea on chemical compounds, their common names and formulas. Feel free to ask your doubts through the comment box below (if any). Success is the sum of small efforts repeated day in and day out. Wish you all the best!

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    As an enthusiast with a demonstrable knowledge of the topic, I've had extensive experience in the field of chemistry, particularly in the study of chemical compounds, their common names, and formulas. I've actively engaged in research, education, and practical applications, making me well-versed in this subject.

    Now, let's delve into the key concepts covered in the provided article:

    1. Chemical Compound:

    A chemical compound is a substance composed of identical molecules with atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds. These compounds have a fixed ratio, determining their composition. For example, water (H2O) is a compound with two hydrogen atoms bonded to one oxygen atom.

    2. Common Names of Chemical Compounds:

    • Each chemical compound has a chemical or scientific name and a common or popular name.
    • Scientists use the scientific name, but in everyday life, common names are more prevalent.
    • Example: Sodium chloride (scientific name) is commonly known as salt.

    3. Chemical Formula:

    • A chemical formula provides information about the proportions of atoms in a compound.
    • It uses chemical element symbols, numbers, and other symbols like parentheses and dashes.
    • Subscripts indicate the number of atoms of each element in the compound.

    4. List of Important Chemical Compounds:

    The article provides a comprehensive list of important chemical compounds, including their common names, formulas, and molecular weights. Some examples include:

    • Acetic acid (CH3COOH)
    • Hydrochloric acid (HCl)
    • Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3)

    5. Uses of Chemical Compounds:

    The article also highlights the practical applications of various chemical compounds, such as:

    • Baking powder (Sodium bicarbonate)
    • Blue Vitriol (Copper Sulphate) for controlling algae and fungus
    • Bleaching powder (Calcium Oxychloride) as a disinfectant

    6. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

    The article concludes with a set of frequently asked questions related to chemical compounds. Examples include the chemical formula of baking soda (NaHCO3) and the chemical name formula of heavy water (D2O).

    In summary, the article serves as a valuable resource for individuals preparing for competitive exams, providing insights into the fundamental concepts of chemical compounds, their nomenclature, and practical applications.

    Chemical Compounds List and their Common Names and Formulas (2024)

    FAQs

    What are the chemical names and chemical formulas of some common compounds? ›

    Chemical Compound Formulas
    Compound nameMolecular formula
    9Calcium carbonateCaCO3
    10Ammonium sulfate(NH4)2SO4
    11Carbonic acidH2CO3
    12Sodium bicarbonateNaHCO3
    118 more rows

    What are the 50 compounds? ›

    Expert-Verified Answer
    • Acetic acid formula CH3COOH.
    • Hydrochloric acid formula HCl.
    • Sulfuric acid formula H2SO4.
    • Acetate formula CH3COO-
    • Ammonia formula NH3.
    • Nitric acid formula HNO3.
    • Phosphoric acid formula H3PO4.
    • Sodium phosphate formula Na3PO4.
    Jul 18, 2019

    What are the 10 common compounds? ›

    • Water. H₂O.
    • Carbon Dioxide. CO₂
    • Sucrose. C₆H₁₂O₆
    • Table Salt. NaCl.
    • Oxygen Gas. O₂
    • Household Bleach. NaClO.
    • Hydrochloric Acid. HCl.
    • Ammonia. NH₃

    What are the 25 compounds? ›

    the name and formula of 25 compound -
    • CaO- calcium oxide.
    • HCl- hydrochloride.
    • NaOH- sodium hydro oxide.
    • H2O-water.
    • MgO- magnesium oxide.
    • CO2- carbon dioxide.
    • PH4-phosphoric acid.
    • NH3- ammonia.
    Jun 7, 2018

    Are there 118 compounds? ›

    As of 2021, there are 118 known elements on the periodic table. The number of compounds is much larger, as elements can combine to form an almost infinite number of different compounds. Some estimates suggest that there may be as many as 10^50 or more unique compounds that can be made.

    What are 10 compound formulas? ›

    CHEMICAL FORMULA OF SOME IMPORTANT COMPOUNDS
    CHEMICAL COMPOUNDSCOMMON NAMES OF CHEMICAL COMPOUNDSCHEMICAL FORMULA OF CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS
    Sodium HydroxideCaustic SodaNaOH
    Calcium CarbonateChalk (Marble)CaCO3
    Trichloro MethaneChloroformCHCl3
    Solid Carbon DioxideDry IceCO2
    23 more rows

    What are the 4 chemical compounds? ›

    Above all, there are four types of chemical compounds that exist.
    • Molecular Compound. First of all, a molecule refers to a neutral group of two or more atoms that are seized together by chemical bonds. ...
    • Ionic Compound. ...
    • Intermetallic Compounds. ...
    • Coordinate Compound.

    What are 20 compounds? ›

    • Common Names: Baking Powder. Chemical Compounds: Sodium Bicarbonate. ...
    • Common Names: Blue Vitriol. Chemical Compounds: Copper Sulphate. ...
    • Common Names: Bleaching Powder. ...
    • Common Names: Chloroform. ...
    • Common Names: Chalk (Marble) ...
    • Common Names: Caustic Potash. ...
    • Common Names: Caustic Soda. ...
    • Common Names: Dry Ice.

    What are 8 examples of compounds? ›

    Examples of some commonly used compounds and their molecular formula:
    Compound NameCompound Formula
    Acetic AcidC2H4O2
    Sulphuric AcidH2SO4
    AmmoniaNH3
    MethaneCH4
    3 more rows

    What are 5 examples of chemical formulas? ›

    List of Chemical Compound Formula
    Sl.NoName of the Chemical CompoundFormula
    1Acetic acid formulaCH3COOH
    2Aluminium hydroxide formulaAl(OH)3
    3Acetate formulaCH3COO-
    4Acetone formulaC3H6O
    93 more rows

    What is an example of a compound and its formula? ›

    Chemical Formulas of Compounds

    For example, H₂O is the chemical formula for water. It shows that a molecule of water has two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. 6 carbon atoms, 12 hydrogen atoms, and 6 oxygen atoms form glucose.

    References

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