What do higher education students want from online learning? (2024)

(9 pages)

Online programs, both remote and hybrid, are capturing a wider share of higher education across the world. Much of the growth in recent years was driven by the COVID-19 pandemic, which forced campuses to close suddenly and switch to remote classes. But many students, especially those trying to balance work with study, are gravitating toward online learning because of its greater convenience and accessibility compared with traditional classroom instruction. Indeed, new McKinsey research finds that most higher education students want to continue to incorporate at least some aspects of online learning into their education. However, a significant share of students are dissatisfied with the online experiences their universities offer, signaling that higher education institutions could benefit by evolving their online learning models.

About our research

In April 2022, McKinsey surveyed more than 7,000 students across 17 countries: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, France, Germany, India, Italy, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Our goal was to ascertain and analyze students’ preferences and satisfaction with online learning. To give a holistic view, our survey covered eight components: target students and demographics, satisfaction with college and learning experience, the importance of attributes for ideal online education, attribute performance for ideal online education, modality preferences, reasons for those preferences, impediments to online education, and post-COVID-19 trends. The eight components encompass 24 attributes of online learning experiences.

To ascertain which learning models higher education students prefer and why, as well as what they find satisfying about online education and which elements of the online learning experience they value most, we surveyed 7,000 students across 17 countries in the Americas, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East (see sidebar “About our research”). The research covers eight dimensions of the online learning experience encompassing 24 attributes, thereby providing a broad view of what higher education students want (Exhibit 1).


What do higher education students want from online learning? (1)

This article outlines our findings and offers a three-step action plan that higher education institutions can use to build and improve their online learning programs. Our aim is to help these institutions deliver better experiences and, we hope, outcomes for the students they serve.

What students value—and don’t value—in online learning

All students we surveyed had moved to online classes during the pandemic, and almost 65 percent of them said they want aspects of their learning experience to remain virtual. Even in France, which had the lowest share, more than half of students said they wanted some learning elements to remain virtual.

Students say they appreciate the flexibility and convenience. When asked to rank, in order of preference, 11 learning features that should remain or become virtual, students identified these as the top three: recording classes and making them available to watch later, easy access to online study materials, and flexibility that enables students to work and study.

On the flip side, many students still hesitate to enroll in fully remote programs, and students globally cited these top-three reasons: fear of becoming more distracted by studying online, getting bored if the learning experience is not motivating, and lacking discipline to complete the online program. Although these perceptions may in part be preconceived, they seem to indicate that for a segment of students, online programs have not been able to generate an engaging learning experience (Exhibit 2).


What do higher education students want from online learning? (2)

Social aspects also shape attitudes toward in-person, hybrid, and fully remote models. Students who prefer hybrid learning say they like the combination of flexibility and peer-to-peer interactions, whereas students who prefer in-person learning say it offers them more support and peer-to-peer opportunities. In 80 percent of the countries surveyed, students said the top reason they prefer face-to-face education is that getting help from instructors is easier through in-person rather than online learning.

Room to improve

Notably, our research shows that students’ satisfaction with online learning at their universities varies significantly across countries (Exhibit 3). When asked whether they would be less or more likely to recommend their university to a friend or family member, students from the Americas were much more inclined than students in other regions to make the recommendation. That finding does not necessarily indicate that educational institutions in countries where students are more dissatisfied offer a poor learning experience, but it could signal that, in general, they are not meeting students’ expectations, which vary based on cultural aspects, previous education, etcetera.


What do higher education students want from online learning? (3)

Our research suggests that higher education institutions can increase their online learning, identifying a correlation between higher satisfaction levels and growth in online learning.1Growth rates were calculated from public databases, not McKinsey survey data. The two countries in our survey with the largest growth in their online higher education student base—the United States and Brazil—had relatively higher levels of student satisfaction, on average, than other nations. This finding suggests that in some countries, educational institutions have generally been able to develop online-program experiences that both attract and engage students.

Core attributes that matter

Key differences among regions

Across the Americas, students in general placed a greater importance on online learning attributes such as skills certification, omnichannel online experiences, and pre-course readiness-assessment and competency leveling. In the United States and most European countries, students said they enjoy studying independently, taking asynchronous classes, and having an intelligent virtual-support platform. In contrast, students in Brazil, Mexico, and Peru value more personalized support, such as a coach to help them navigate school, career, and personal issues. Students in Chile, Italy, Peru, Saudi Arabia, and Spain highly valued having university support in finding internships.

To help higher education institutions evolve and create more satisfying online programs, we asked students to rank 24 attributes that shape their online learning experiences. Despite important nuances within some regions (see sidebar “Key differences among regions”), three tenets of successful online programs emerged:

  1. The basics still matter. Features that have always informed the learning experience—such as timely content, course structure, and faculty relevance—are very important for students in every country we surveyed. For instance, students in 16 of the 17 countries said that having a very well-organized online course with a clear path and a step-by-step guide to achieving their goals was among their five most important elements (Exhibit 4).
  2. Expensive features are not necessarily valued. Online attributes that are expensive to implement, such as virtual reality (VR), simulations, and sophisticated visual content, are not ranked highly by most students. This finding could indicate that educational institutions and students are still figuring out how to use those technologies effectively. Nevertheless, investment in them is growing. By one estimate, the global market for education VR was set to increase from $6.37 billion in 2021 to $8.66 billion in 2022.2“$32.9 billion worldwide virtual reality in education industry to 2031: Identify growth segments for investment,” Business Wire, June 9, 2022. Networking elements, such as “peer-to-peer learning in online settings” and “institution- or student-led networking” also ranked in the bottom quartile of importance across most countries.
  3. Student age and program type do not significantly influence the perception of online learning experiences’ quality. Our survey found that what students value most in online learning did not vary significantly across age groups, field of study, or level of education (undergraduate versus graduate). Although small variations exist, the consistency of perceptions across groups within each geography can guide institutions as they develop learning experiences, with less need to customize them for particular student constituencies.


What do higher education students want from online learning? (4)

Successfully developing or evolving an online program often begins with finding out what students like about all the programs a university offers.

Designing an engaging online experience for students

In our work with higher education institutions, we have identified three steps that help them successfully transform their online education programs to boost student satisfaction and engagement.

  1. Listen to students, set transformation goals, and evaluate the broader online learning landscape. Successfully developing or evolving an online program often begins with finding out what students like about all the programs a university offers: hybrid, fully remote, and in-person. Guided by the 24 attributes from our survey, institutions can canvass their students to ascertain the specific areas where online programs are gaining high marks and those that underperform. In our experience, this type of analysis also allows institutions to learn more about the types of students who gravitate toward different learning models, and to identify which groups of students are more likely to enroll in online learning programs.

    In addition to compiling a comprehensive dataset of student preferences, institutions can collaborate with other internal stakeholders to determine their target transformation goals—for example, increasing retention, completion, or employability rates. They also can assess how they currently perform on those specific goals compared with other online education providers.

  2. Combine core attributes of an online program with differentiating elements. Once institutions have set specific goals, they can then strategically evaluate which features to target as they enhance the value of their online offerings. Asking four specific questions can help in this process:
    • Are there alternatives to adding or enhancing a feature?
    • How complex would it be to design and implement this component?
    • What are the relative costs and benefits of adding or evolving the new element?
    • How will this undertaking distinguish the institution from other online education providers?
  3. Design an action plan and governance structure for implementation and adoption. Once institutions decide which features to add or evolve, they can design an action plan pegged to six criteria: scale, talent, regulation, customization, speed to market, and investment (Exhibit 5). This process often starts with identifying and prioritizing quick wins that will have a high impact on students, are easy to implement, and do not require substantial new investments. Institutions can then establish an implementation strategy by analyzing which initiatives to outsource and which to build with internal capabilities. They can also assemble a team whose members have complementary roles, with the aim of breaking down silos and ensuring that initiatives account for the entire online student experience and are fully adopted by instructors.


What do higher education students want from online learning? (5)

Our research findings are clear. Most higher education students who were forced into remote classes during the pandemic want aspects of their education to remain virtual. Many, however, are reluctant to enroll in fully online programs, and some are dissatisfied with the online experiences their universities offer. Institutions can ask their students what they do or do not find satisfying about all learning models. Then they can design and implement strategies to ensure that their online programs deliver better experiences and, ultimately, better outcomes for students.

Felipe Child is a partner in McKinsey’s Bogotá office, Marcus Frank is a partner in the São Paulo office, Jonathan Law is a senior partner in the Southern California office, and Jimmy Sarakatsannis is a senior partner in the Washington, DC, office.

The authors wish to thank Brenda Affeldt and Mariana Lef for their contributions to this article.

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What do higher education students want from online learning? (2024)


What do higher education students want from online learning? ›

When asked to rank, in order of preference, 11 learning features that should remain or become virtual, students identified these as the top three: recording classes and making them available to watch later, easy access to online study materials, and flexibility that enables students to work and study.

What do students like about online learning? ›

More Reasons to Study Online
  • Variety of programs and courses: From traditional full-time to a flexible hybrid or completely online programs, your options are endless. ...
  • Lower total costs: Online programs can be a more affordable. ...
  • Convenience and flexibility: As an online student, you can study anytime anywhere.

What students benefit from online learning? ›

Online courses teach students how to manage their time better since the student bears the responsibility of engaging with the course instead of simply showing up to class on an assigned day and time. As a result, students not only gain knowledge from the coursework, but they also sharpen their time management skills.

How effective is online learning in higher education? ›

Another study has found that providing required courses online helps students graduate more quickly, often because in-person versions of the courses are full or unavailable. Students in general are also at least somewhat more interested in learning online now than they were before the pandemic.

How does virtual learning affect students in higher education? ›

In particular, students were physically and mentally affected by the lockdown and the shift from physical person-to-person classrooms to virtual learning (online classes). This increased the prevalence of psychological stress, anxiety, and depression among university students.

What do you like most in online learning? ›

4 Reasons Why Students Prefer Online Learning
  • Flexibility. One of the most appealing aspects of online learning is the flexibility it offers. ...
  • Move at your own pace. ...
  • Personalized learning. ...
  • Pursue passions outside of the classroom.
Jan 24, 2019

Do students learn more with online learning? ›

Scientists looking at the effectiveness of distance learning found that in some studies, distance education students performed slightly better in exams and grades than traditional classroom students, but that overall the average performance outcomes weren't that different.

What are the 3 main advantages of eLearning? ›

Top 10 Benefits of eLearning
  • E-learning Fully Adjusts to Your Needs. Online studying is designed to accommodate everyone's needs. ...
  • Reduced Cost. ...
  • Remote Approach To Various Classes. ...
  • Transfer Credits & Commuting. ...
  • Instant Career Advancement. ...
  • Quick Delivery. ...
  • Scalability. ...
  • Consistency & Teacher Scarcity.
Apr 12, 2023

Why is e-learning important in higher education? ›

E-learning in higher education has been known to improve productivity, augment focus and thereby, provide better academic results. In fact, as per research, students can boost their retention rates by as much as 25-60% through e-learning.

What is the impact of online learning students view? ›

75% of students feel more confidence joining online learning that face to face in class. That's why 60% of students think online learning can improve high quality of learning. And 70% of the teacher always accomodate their students in learning.

Why is online learning better for high school students? ›

Online high school students generally have more freedom and privacy. This means you can choose when you eat lunch, take a restroom break, or simply get up and walk around. Students in an online high school can focus more by approaching their learning in whatever way suits them best.

What are some advantages and disadvantages of online learning? ›

Summary: What are the advantages and disadvantages of online classes?
FlexibilityLack of face-to-face interaction
ConvenienceDifficulty staying motivated
Cost-effectivenessLimited access to resources and support
Access to a wider range of programmes and course offeringsTechnical difficulties
5 more rows

Why is face to face learning better than online? ›

The Advantages of Face to Face Learning in the Classroom

You can access more information and richer understanding through teacher and other students' body language and voice. You have the opportunity to connect with, problem-solve, and network with other students from a wide range of backgrounds.

What is the positive impact of virtual reality in education? ›

Boosting Knowledge Retention. Virtual reality fully immerses students and completely focuses their senses on the teaching topic. When experiencing topics as if they're reality, students' brains create clear, detailed mental maps, helping to improve knowledge retention by up to 75%.

How does online learning affect students social interactions? ›

They may also miss face-to-face interactions with fellow students. For some students, this lack of social interaction – and the accompanying need to be self-motivated to get their work done – can lead to feelings of isolation.

What are the student perceptions of virtual reality use in higher education? ›

The application of VR technology is gradually becoming more prevalent within higher education settings. According to Ravipati (2017), it is predicated that VR devices will surge in use by 85 per cent by 2020 with VR technology becoming more accessible and affordable for higher education institutions.

Why are online classes becoming more popular? ›

The comfort of learning from home is another reason for online learning's popularity. With the rise in technology and the demand for education, no wonder online courses are growing in popularity! Online courses are convenient, comfortable, and here to stay. There's no reason not to use them as a resource too.

How students and teachers feel about online learning? ›

88% of respondents at least somewhat agreed with the statement “I feel less socially connected to my peers during online education than with in-person education.” When students were asked how often certain issues negatively impacted their online learning experience, 64% of respondents indicated that a lack of ...

Is online learning better than face to face essay? ›

Face-to-face education is a preferred method due to the opportunities for personal interactions that enhance learning. Online learning happens through the internet, and it is not suitable because it limits the educational processes of building social and professional skills.

Do students struggle with online learning? ›

Some kids have trouble with online classes because they lack the structure that in-person school traditionally provides. Additionally, students who have issues with anxiety, attention, or learning challenges may struggle to adapt to the different expectations and format of online classes.

Is online learning harder for students? ›

Many students, however, report online classes as being easier than, or only as difficult as, in-person classes.” Lee, who has taught in distance learning settings, explains that the development of virtual classes is up to the instructor and the institution. For example, some online courses are self-paced.

What are the 5 biggest advantages of eLearning? ›

5 Biggest Advantages of eLearning (with Examples)
  • Flexibility.
  • Cost-effective.
  • Customization.
  • Accessibility.
  • Self-paced learning.
Jan 20, 2023

What are 3 benefits of web based teaching and learning? ›

Advantages of Online Classes
  • Online Classes Are Convenient. The first obvious advantage of online classes is the sheer convenience factor. ...
  • Online Classes Are Flexible. ...
  • Online Classes Are More Affordable. ...
  • Online Classes Foster More Interaction. ...
  • Online Classes Unlock More Learning Opportunities.
Dec 26, 2022

What are the pros and cons of online learning essay? ›

The Pros and Cons of Studying Online
  • Pro: Increased Flexibility. The biggest advantage to studying online is the increase in flexibility. ...
  • Con: Reputation. Many firms and institutions are quick to dismiss an online education. ...
  • Pro: Ease of Access. ...
  • Con: Lack of Social Interaction. ...
  • Pro: More Affordable. ...
  • Con: Fewer Courses.
May 23, 2011

Why is e learning important for the future? ›

Online education enables the teacher and the student to set their own learning pace, and there's the added flexibility of setting a schedule that fits everyone's agenda. As a result, using an online educational platform allows for a better balance of work and studies, so there's no need to give anything up.

Why e learning is better than classroom learning? ›

Online learning is great for those who want to manage studies with work and other life activities. With adjustable schedules and less burden, they can learn with ease. Classrooms require more discipline and active participation. Teachers get greater command over students in a traditional learning environment.

What is the impact factor of online learning? ›

OLJ is indexed in the Web of Science (ESCI) with a Journal Citation Indicator of 1.32, and Scopus citescore of 5.7 for 2021, ranking it in the 93rd percentile of all journals in Education. OLJ is ranked among the top 3% of all open-access journals in the field of Education.

What is the impact of online classes to students speaking skills? ›

Meanwhile, in online learning, students cannot directly communicate with one another since there can be numerous hurdles in communicating through media, such as a lack of internet connection that might abruptly disconnect or a voice not heard correctly, affecting students' pronunciation.

Does learning virtually impact students experience pass rates and efficiency change for the better or worse? ›

Study finds that students in online courses fail to complete them and get lower grades than peers learning in person. Several experts question the paper's design and findings, especially related to the pandemic.

What was the most challenging aspect of online learning? ›

Here are some of the biggest challenges of online education today:
  • Lack of Motivation in Students.
  • Infrastructural Problems.
  • Digital Literacy and Technical Issues.
  • Lack of In-person Interaction.
  • Lack of EdTech and Online Learning Options for Special Needs of Students.
  • Course Structure and Quality.
Jun 22, 2023

How remote learning has affected students? ›

It's important to remember the extraordinary challenges many students faced during distance learning, including family illness (and in some cases the death of loved ones), job loss, financial insecurity, chronic stress and uncertainly, loss of normalcy, and losing out on activities and social connections.

Why online school is better for mental health? ›

Learning from home may allow students to learn in a more comfortable environment. Students who experience bullying, anxiety, discrimination, or harassment may find that online learning benefits their mental health.

Is online learning more beneficial? ›

Students Gain More Knowledge Than In Standard Classes

Because online courses provide students with full control over their studies, they can work at their own pace. Pupils, on average, work faster and absorb more information in online courses than they would otherwise.

What are the pros and cons of online offline education? ›

Online Classes vs. Offline Classes
Online ClassesOffline Classes
Excellent adaptability combined with convenience.Rigid learning schedules and inconvenience.
Improved concentration.High chances of distraction.
Convenient resolving of doubts.Inconvenient doubt resolution.
4 more rows

What are 10 advantages and disadvantages of Internet? ›

Disadvantages Of Internet
Advantages of InternetDisadvantages of Internet
People would gain knowledge and obtain loads of information about services.It leads to the insecurity of information and data loss.
It permits online payments and digital marketing.It has a bigger Workload and Complex Designing.
6 more rows
May 3, 2023

What is the difference between online learning and e learning? ›

The main difference between eLearning and online learning is the amount of interaction. Students and instructors interact more during online learning, while eLearning is more self-paced.

Is virtual schooling as good as in person classes? ›

Online courses require you to spend time learning from virtual teaching software, watching video instruction, or attending in-person classes as well as independent time completing coursework. Virtual learning is more effective for most students than in-person instruction.

What is the main advantage of classroom training? ›

Some of the key benefits include: Face-to-face interaction: Classroom training for employees provides direct interaction between trainers and employees. This allows for immediate clarification of concepts, personalized guidance, and the opportunity to ask questions, fostering a deeper understanding of the material.

What are the benefits of virtual reality in life? ›

VR can improve the grasping of core concepts among students and trainees. The technology also allows the learner to decide their own pace of learning. Visualizing the invisible can transform learners' learning experience, helping them understand and retain information longer.

What are benefits of virtual reality? ›

VR can also be used to become more empathetic, better manage stress and increase self-confidence in specific situations. Furthermore, by collecting data on user behaviours and performance, this technology allows training to be fine-tuned and personalized with great precision. Safe and standardized.

What are the social benefits of virtual reality? ›

VR can have positive effects on the users, such as enhancing their empathy, motivation, learning, and behavior change. For instance, VR can help users to understand and relate to the perspectives and emotions of others, or to learn new skills and knowledge.

What is the impact of online learning to students motivation? ›

Online learning requires more self-regulation, intrinsic motivation and independence from the learner than the traditional classroom education. Keller's ARCS (attention, relevance, confidence, satisfaction) Model of Motivation is a framework for learners to become and remain motivated.

Why do students get distracted in online classes? ›

However, without the structure of a traditional classroom, online learning can also be challenging and incite distractions. Top distractions for students include social media, texting, television, and family, which can pull one's attention away from the task at hand and diminish productivity.

What are the benefits of student to student interaction? ›

More than just forming relationships, leadership and interaction skills, student-to-student interaction develops critical thinking, helps students see various perspectives of the same problem, and pushes them to find the best solution and improve their attention skills.

What is the negative impact of virtual reality in education? ›

A lack of real communication.

They are important for a child to become a real member of society. Besides, the collaborative method helps to succeed in studies. Due to virtual reality, children don't experience real communication. This negatively affects their socializing and makes them torn away from other people.

What is virtual reality in education how would you describe it? ›

Virtual reality is an emerging technology in classrooms to supplement the teaching of a subject or topic to in order to 'feel' the content. Beyond engagement, VR allows students to explore, experience, and become immersed in virtual environments.

Why face to face learning is better than online? ›

The Advantages of Face to Face Learning in the Classroom

You can access more information and richer understanding through teacher and other students' body language and voice. You have the opportunity to connect with, problem-solve, and network with other students from a wide range of backgrounds.

What is online learning advantages and disadvantages? ›

Summary: What are the advantages and disadvantages of online classes?
FlexibilityLack of face-to-face interaction
ConvenienceDifficulty staying motivated
Cost-effectivenessLimited access to resources and support
Access to a wider range of programmes and course offeringsTechnical difficulties
5 more rows

Is online education more effective than traditional learning? ›

More Social Interaction and Collaboration:

The traditional education model allows students to interact with each other in and outside of school. But those are mainly face-to-face or telephonic interactions. Online learning model allows further interaction by providing an online platform for discussions.

Why is classroom learning better than online learning? ›

Enhances student motivation:

There is no denying that face-to-face interactions between students, peers, and teachers motivate them to learn. Discussions in class aid students in expressing their ideas and opinions during arguments. Students get inspired by their teachers to produce better work.

Is face-to-face learning more effective than online learning essay? ›

Face-to-face education is better than online learning because it offers opportunities for building interpersonal relationships, and it upholds the principles of a sound education system. Face-to-face learning involves the meeting of an instructor and students for teaching sessions.


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